Kleros Book

Dispute Revolution: The Kleros Handbook of Decentralized Justice.

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1, Genesis: When Greek Lotteries Meet Medieval Private Law
This chapter presents the two historical tenets on which Kleros’ technology is envisaged. Through in-depth interviews with three political scientists, Josiah Ober, Peter Stone and Barry Weingast, we explore the roots of decentralized justice in Athens, in medieval Europe and how sortition fits into the tradition of Western political thought. Lastly, We implement these principles in thinking of Kleros as a potential Supreme Court of the DAOs.
Chapter 2, Kleros Cryptoeconomics: Towards a Theory of Decentralized Justice
This chapter focuses on the technology behind Kleros. In it, experts on game theory, such as Hebrew University professor Eyal Winter and our cryptoeconomic researcher William George try to bring these concepts closer to the layman reader. It also consists of our latest research into social choice theory, different choices of voting mechanisms and their potential impact on Kleros. The remainder of the chapter focuses on helping expand the knowledge base of our expert audience by sharing our experiences with smart contracts, oracles, as well as presenting proposals for Ethereum standards (or ERCs) and the basic policies on which Kleros is built.
Chapter 3, Decentralized Justice in Action: From Doges on Trial to the Token Curated Registry
This chapter is an in-depth analysis of the 'Doges on Trial' experiment, as well as early lessons from the implementation of our T2CR and a wide look at what has been learned about attack vectors, juror behavior and the foundational cryptoeconomics. In the second edition, the chapter is expanded with latest insights into the so-called ‘challenger’s dilemma’ and the experiment we undertook comparing artificial and collective intelligence in the context of Doges on Trial.
Chapter 4, Dispute Revolution: A New Justice Paradigm in an Old World
This chapter deals with the implications this technology might have for law and society. By sharing their experiences in online dispute resolution and research on blockchain law, industry and thought leaders such as Gillian Hadfield, Kate Sills and former Vice-President of the Ugandan Law Society, Alice Namuli give their opinion on how Kleros and decentralized justice might affect the future of law. A veteran international arbitrator, Sophie Nappert gives us a fantastic insight into the rise of algocracy and how humans can respond. In this chapter, particular care is taken to analyze the most critical points of any arbitration system - fairness and compatibility with existing legal frameworks.
Chapter 5, The Business of Decentralized Justice
This chapter tries to paint an image of the way legal business is going to develop and change in the coming years. By bringing in decades of experience in future-centered thinking through conversations with Joe Raczynski, Thomson Reuters resident legal futurist, Colin Rule, the creator of eBay and PayPal’s dispute resolution systems, the author of the seminal book Digital Justice, Orna Rabinovich-Einy, Accord Project founder, Peter Hunn and legal design expert José Torres, we discuss the opportunities and hurdles in building new legal systems for the 21st Century. As added flavour, our Design Lead, Plinio Braga gives us unique, practical insight into designing novel legal applications.
Chapter 6, Scaling Up: The Applications of Decentralized Justice
This chapter focuses on the use cases of Kleros, where we combine the vision and practice to define the key ingredients which will make Kleros the dispute resolution system of the future. Experts from different fields present their research into Kleros as a solution for a plethora of use cases, ranging from decentralized freelancing, marketplaces, gas, energy markets and derivatives trading to fake news, social media and online gaming. This chapter also presents some of our coming platforms, as well as existing ones in the context of creating a thriving dispute resolution ecosystem.


Colin Rule
Colin RuleVice President for Online Dispute Resolution, Tyler Technologies
Joseph Raczynski
Joseph RaczynskiTechnologist and Futurist, Thomson Reuters Legal
Barry Weingast
Barry WeingastWard C. Krebs Family Professor, Stanford University
Josiah Ober
Josiah OberMitsotakis Professor, School of Humanities and Science, Stanford University
Eyal Winter
Eyal WinterProfessor of Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Peter Stone
Peter StoneAssociate Professor, Trinity College, Dublin
Kate Sills
Kate SillsCommunity Lead, Agoric
Gillian Hadfield
Gillian HadfieldLaw Professor
Sophie Nappert
Sophie NappertInternational Arbitrator
Alice Namuli Blazevic
Alice Namuli BlazevicAssociate Partner, Messrs. Katende Ssempebwa & Company Advocates
Jose Torres
Jose TorresFormer Fellow atr The Legal Design Lab - Stanford University
Amy Schmitz
Amy SchmitzProfessor, University of Missouri School of Law
Joel Monegro
Joel MonegroPartner, Placeholder
Santiago Siri
Santiago SiriPresident, Democracy Earth Foundation
Primavera de Flippi
Primavera de FlippiFaculty Associate at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School
Rossana Deplano
Rossana DeplanoLaw Professor, Leicester University
Nicolas Dagnillo
Nicolas DagnilloFinancial Analyst
Plinio Braga
Plinio BragaUX Design Lead
Ferit Tunçer
Ferit TunçerDApp Developer
Damjan Malbasic
Damjan MalbasicCommunications Lead
Matheus Alencar
Matheus AlencarDApp Developer
Clément Lesaege
Clément LesaegeCo-founder, CTO
Federico Ast
Federico AstCo-founder, CEO
Stuart James
Stuart JamesOperations Manager
William George
William GeorgeResearch Lead
Sam Vitello
Sam VitelloDApp Developer
Enrique Piqueras
Enrique PiquerasDeveloper
Orna Rabinovich Einy
Orna Rabinovich EinyAssociate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Haifa
Peter Hunn
Peter HunnFounder, and the Accord Project
Daniel Dimov
Daniel DimovFounder, and the Accord Project
Marco Mauer
Marco MauerAttorney and Notary, Specialist in Energy Infrastructure Investment Law
Mauricio Duarte
Mauricio DuarteAttorney and Notary
Dmitry Narozhny
Dmitry NarozhnyCivil Law Attorney
Luis Bergolla
Luis BergollaDoctoral Student
Abeer Sharma
Abeer SharmaInternational Arbitration